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Thermal conductivity of a material may be defined as the

A. Quantity of heat flowing in one second through one cm cube of material when opposite faces ^re maintained at a temperature difference of 1°C

B. Quantity of heat flowing in one second through a slab of the material of area one cm square, thickness 1 cm when its faces differ in temperature by 1°C

C. Heat conducted in unit time across unit area through unit thickness when a temperature difference of unity is maintained between opposite faces

D. All of the above

Correct Answer :

D. All of the above


Related Questions

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Total heat is the heat required to

A. Change vapour into liquid

B. Change liquid into vapour

C. Increase the temperature of a liquid or vapour

D. Convert water into steam and superheat it

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4

Thermal diffusivity of a substance is given by (where h = Thermal diffusivity, ρ = Density of substance, S = Specific heat, and k = Thermal conductivity)

A. h = k/ ρS

B. h = ρS/k

C. h = S/ρk

D. h = kρ/S

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4

A cube at high temperature is immersed in a constant temperature bath. It loses heat from its top, bottom and side surfaces with heat transfer coefficients of h₁, h₂ and h₃ respectively. The average heat transfer coefficient for the cube is

A. h₁ + h₂ + h₃

B. (h₁.h₂.h₃)1/3

C. 1/h₁ + 1/h₂ + 1/h₃

D. None of these

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4

The rate of energy transferred by convection to that by conduction is called

A. Stanton number

B. Nusselt number

C. Biot number

D. Peclet number

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4

A perfect black body is one which

A. Is black in colour

B. Reflects all heat

C. Transmits all heat radiations

D. Absorbs heat radiations of all wave lengths falling on it

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4

According to Dalton's law of partial pressures, (where pb = Barometric pressure, pa = Partial pressure of dry air, and pv = Partial pressure of water vapour)

A. Pb = pa - pv

B. Pb = pa + pv

C. Pb = pa × pv

D. Pb = pa/pv

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4

Film coefficient is defined as Inside diameter of tube

A. Equivalent thickness of film

B. Thermal conductivity Equivalent thickness of film Specific heat × Viscosity

C. Thermal conductivity Molecular diffusivity of momentum Thermal diffusivity

D. Film coefficient × Inside diameter Thermal conductivity

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4

The emissive power of a body depends upon its

A. Temperature

B. Wave length

C. Physical nature

D. All of the above

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4

The value of the wave length for maximum emissive power is given by

A. Kirchhoff's law

B. Stefan's law

C. Wines law

D. Planck's law

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4

The unit of Stefan Boltzmann constant is

A. Watt/cm² °K

B. Watt/cm4 °K

C. Watt²/cm °K⁴

D. Watt/cm² °K⁴

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4

The rate of heat flow through a body is Q = [kA (T₁ - T₂)]/x. The term x/kA is known as

A. Thermal coefficient

B. Thermal resistance

C. Thermal conductivity

D. None of these

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4

Heat transfer by radiation mainly depends upon

A. Its temperature

B. Nature of the body

C. Kind and extent of its surface

D. All of the above

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4

In heat transfer, conductance equals conductivity (kcal/hr/sq.m/ °C/cm) divided by

A. Hr (time)

B. Sq. m (area)

C. °C (temperature)

D. K.cal (heat)

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4

In a heat exchanger with one fluid evaporating or condensing, the surface area required is least in

A. Parallel flow

B. Counter flow

C. Cross flow

D. All of these

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4

Fouling factor is used

A. In heat exchanger design as a safety factor

B. In case of Newtonian fluids

C. When a liquid exchanges heat with a gas

D. None of the above

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4

Thermal conductivity of glass wool varies from sample to sample because of variation in

A. Composition

B. Density

C. Porosity

D. All of the above

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4

The heat transfer by conduction through a thick sphere is given by

A. Q = 2πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

B. Q = 4πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

C. Q = 6πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

D. Q = 8πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

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4

All radiations in a black body are

A. Reflected

B. Refracted

C. Transmitted

D. Absorbed

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4

Thermal diffusivity is a

A. Function of temperature

B. Physical property of a substance

C. Dimensionless parameter

D. All of these

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4

Absorptivity of a body will be equal to its emissivity

A. At all temperatures

B. At one particular temperature

C. When system is under thermal equilibrium

D. At critical temperature

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4

The total emissivity power is .defined as the total amount of radiation emitted by a black body per unit

A. Temperature

B. Thickness

C. Area

D. Time

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The total radiation from a black body per second per unit area is ________ fourth power of the absolute temperature. This statement is known as Stefan Boltzmann law.

A. Equal to

B. Directly proportional to

C. Inversely proportional to

D. None of these

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4

Depending on the radiating properties, a body will be black when

A. P = 0, x = 0 and a = 1

B. P= 1, T = 0 and a = 0

C. P = 0, x = 1 and a = 0

D. X = 0, a + p = 0 Where a = absorptivity, p = reflectivity, X = transmissivity.

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4

Stefan Boltzmann law is applicable for heat transfer by

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. Conduction and radiation combined

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4

In convection heat transfer from hot flue gases to water tube, even though flow may be turbulent, a laminar flow region (boundary layer of film) exists close to the tube. The heat transfer through this film takes place by

A. Convection

B. Radiation

C. Conduction

D. Both convection and conduction

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4

Thermal conductivity of water in general with rise in temperature

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain constant

D. May increase or decrease depending on temperature

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4

Cork is a good insulator because it has

A. Free electrons

B. Atoms colliding frequency

C. Low density

D. Porous body

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4

Sensible heat is the heat required to

A. Change vapour into liquid

B. Change liquid into vapour

C. Increase the temperature of a liquid of vapour

D. Convert water into steam and superheat it

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4

Two plates spaced 150 mm apart are maintained at 1000°C and 70°C. The heat transfer will take place mainly by

A. Convection

B. Radiation

C. Forced convection

D. Free convection

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Which of the following is the case of heat transfer by radiation?

A. Blast furnace

B. Heating of building

C. Cooling of parts in furnace

D. Heat received by a person from fireplace