Poverty and Unemployment MCQ Question with Answer

Poverty and Unemployment MCQ with detailed explanation for interview, entrance and competitive exams. Explanation are given for understanding.

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Question No : 1
Consider the following statements:
Regional disparities in India are high and have been rising in recent years because:
1. There is persistent investment over time only in Select locales
2. Some areas are agro climatically less conducive to development
3. Some are as continue to face little or no aqrarian transformation and the consequent lack of social and economic opportunities
4. Some areas have faced continuous political instability.
Which of the above statements are correct?

1, 2 and 3
1, 2 and 4
1, 3 and 4
2, 3 and 4

Question No : 2
Which of the following is/are correct?
I. Bulk of unemployment in India is in rural areas
II. The disguised unemployment in agricultural sector is perennial
III. Industrialisation has rendered several people job-less in India

I and II
I, II and III
I only
II and III

Question No : 3
Disguised unemployment in India is mainly related to :
1. agricultural sector
2. rural area
3. factory sector
4. urban area

1 and 2
1 and 3
2 and 4
3 and 4

Question No : 4
Consider the following statements in respect of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005 :
1. Under the provisions of the Act, 100 days of employment in a year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work has become a fundamental right.
2. Under the provisions of the Act, women are to get priority to the extent that one-half of persons who are given employment are women who have asked for work.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct? [IAS 2006]

1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 and 2

Question No : 5
Among the reasons for disguised unemployment in the rural areas is :

choice of a heavy industry model for economic development
low levels of technological development in the country
heavy pressure of population along with slow implementation of land reforms
high illiteracy rate

Question No : 6
With reference to the Government of India's various programmes, what is Nirmal Gram Puraskar? [IAS 2006]

It is an incentive scheme of scholarships for the single girl child in families in villages.
It is an incentive scheme of scholarships for female sportspersons from villages who represent their states in any game.
It is an incentive scheme for schools in the villages for computer education.
It is an incentive scheme Panchayati Raj institutions.

Question No : 7
What is the main objective of Antyodaya programme?

Uplift the poor
Uplift the urban poor
Uplift the farmer
Uplift the landless labour