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Current Affairs January 2024

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4

The use of heat exchangers is made in

A. Radiators in automobile

B. Condensers and boilers in steam plants

C. Condensers and evaporators in refrigeration and air conditioning units

D. All of the above

Correct Answer :

D. All of the above


Related Questions

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4

Depending on the radiating properties, body will be transparent when

A. P = 0, x = 0 and a = 1

B. P=1, x = 0, and a = 0

C. P = 0, T= 1, and a = 0

D. X = 0, a + p = 1

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4

Which of the following would lead to a reduction in thermal resistance?

A. In conduction, reduction in the thickness of the material and an increase in thermal conductivity.

B. In convection, stirring of the fluid and cleaning the heating surface.

C. In radiation, increasing the temperature and reducing the emissivity.

D. All of the above

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4

The expression Q = ρ AT4 is called

A. Fourier equation

B. Stefan-Boltzmann equation

C. Newton Reichmann equation

D. Joseph-Stefan equation

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4

The thermal diffusivities for gases are generally

A. More than those for liquids

B. Less than those for liquids

C. More than those for solids

D. Dependent on the viscosity

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4

If the temperature of a solid surface changes from 27°C to 627°C, then its emissive power changes in the ratio of

A. 6

B. 9

C. 27

D. 81

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The rate of energy emission from unit surface area through unit solid angle, along a normal to the surface, is known as

A. Emissivity

B. Transmissivity

C. Reflectivity

D. Intensity of radiation

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4

The heat transfer by conduction through a thick sphere is given by

A. Q = 2πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

B. Q = 4πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

C. Q = 6πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

D. Q = 8πkr1 r2 (T1 - T2)/ (r2 - r1)

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4

When heat is transferred by molecular collision, it is referred to as heat transfer by

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. Scattering

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Reynolds number is the ratio of

A. Energy transferred by convection to that by conduction

B. Kinematic viscosity to thermal diffusivity

C. Inertia force to viscous force

D. None of the above

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4

A grey body is one whose absorptivity

A. Varies with temperature

B. Varies with wavelength of the incident ray

C. Is equal to its emissivity

D. Does not vary with temperature and. wavelength of the incident ray

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4

Which of the following has least value of conductivity?

A. Glass

B. Water

C. Plastic

D. Air

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4

Heat flows from one body to other when they have

A. Different heat contents

B. Different specific heat

C. Different atomic structure

D. Different temperatures

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4

The thickness of thermal and hydrodynamic boundary layer is equal if Prandtl number is

A. Equal to one

B. Greater than one

C. Less than one

D. Equal to Nusselt number

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4

40% of incident radiant energy on the surface of a thermally transparent body is reflected back. If the transmissivity of the body be 0.15, then the emissivity of surface is

A. 0.45

B. 0.55

C. 0.40

D. 0.75

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4

The transfer of heat by molecular collision is smallest in

A. Solids

B. Liquids

C. Gases

D. None of these

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4

Stefan Boltzmann law is applicable for heat transfer by

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. Conduction and radiation combined

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4

Fourier's law of heat conduction gives the heat flow for

A. Irregular surfaces

B. Nonuniform temperature surfaces

C. One dimensional cases only

D. Two dimensional cases only

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4

The amount of heat flow through a body by conduction is

A. Directly proportional to the surface area of the body

B. Directly proportional to the temperature difference on the two faces of the body

C. Dependent upon the material of the body

D. All of the above

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4

A perfect black body is one which

A. Is black in colour

B. Reflects all heat

C. Transmits all heat radiations

D. Absorbs heat radiations of all wave lengths falling on it

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Which of the following statement is correct?

A. A grey body is one which absorbs all radiations incident on it.

B. At thermal equilibrium, the emissivity and absorptivity are same.

C. The energy absorbed by a body to the total energy falling on it, is called emissivity.

D. A perfect body is one which is black in colour.

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4

The logarithmic mean temperature difference (tm) is given by (where Δt1 and Δt2 are temperature differences between the hot and cold fluids at entrance and exit)

A. tm = (Δt1 - Δt2)/ loge (Δt1/Δt2)

B. tm = loge (Δt1/Δt2)/ (Δt1 - Δt2)

C. tm = tm = (Δt1 - Δt2) loge (Δt1/Δt2)

D. tm = loge (Δt1 - Δt2)/ Δt1/Δt2

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4

When absorptivity (α) = 1, reflectivity (ρ) = 0 and transmissivity (τ) = 0, then the body is said to be a

A. Black body

B. Grey body

C. Opaque body

D. White body

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4

In free convection heat transfer transition from laminar to turbulent flow is governed by the critical value of the

A. Reynold's number

B. Grashoff's number

C. Reynold's number, Grashoff's number

D. Prandtl number, Grashoff's number

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Heat transfer by radiation mainly depends upon

A. Its temperature

B. Nature of the body

C. Kind and extent of its surface

D. All of the above

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Heat conducted through per unit area and unit thick face per unit time when temperature difference between opposite faces is unity, is called

A. Thermal resistance

B. Thermal coefficient

C. Temperature gradient

D. Thermal conductivity

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4

The transfer of heat by molecular collision is known as

A. Conduction

B. Convection

C. Radiation

D. None of these

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4

The value of the wavelength for maximum emissive power is given by

A. Wien's law

B. Planck's law

C. Stefan's law

D. Fourier's law

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4

LMTD in case of counter flow heat exchanger as compared to parallel flow heat exchanger is

A. Higher

B. Lower

C. Same

D. Depends on the area of heat exchanger

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4

The thermal diffusivities for solids are generally

A. Less than those for gases

B. Less than those for liquids

C. More than those for liquids and gases

D. More or less same as for liquids and gases

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4

The natural convection air cooled condensers are used in

A. Domestic refrigerators

B. Water coolers

C. Room air conditioners

D. All of these