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4

Cost of piping in a fluid processing unit (e.g., distillation) of a chemical process plant is about __________ percent of the fixed capital investment.

A. 4

B. 13

C. 22

D. 34

Correct Answer :

B. 13


Related Questions

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4

Chemical engineering plant cost index is used for finding the present cost of a particular chemical plant, if the cost of similar plant at some time in the past is known. The present cost of the plant = original cost × (index value at present/ index value at time original cost was obtained). The most major component of this cost index is

A. Fabricated equipment and machinery

B. Process instruments and control

C. Pumps and compressor

D. Electrical equipments and material

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4

Depreciation is __________ in profit with time.

A. Decrease

B. Increase

C. No change

D. None of these

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4

In which of the electric power generation system, the operating cost is minimum?

A. Thermal

B. Nuclear

C. Hydroelectric

D. Fast breeder reactor

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4

'Six-tenth factor' rule is used for estimating the

A. Equipment installation cost

B. Equipment cost by scaling

C. Cost of piping

D. Utilities cost

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4

Direct costs component of the fixed capital consists of

A. Contingencies

B. Onsite and offsite costs

C. Labour costs

D. Raw material costs

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4

Which of the following methods of depreciation calculations results in book values greater than those obtained with straight line method?

A. Multiple straight line method

B. Sinking fund method

C. Declining balance method

D. Sum of the years digit method

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4

Which of the following relationship is not correct is case of a chemical process plant?

A. Manufacturing cost = direct product cost + fixed charges + plant overhead costs

B. General expenses = administrative expenses + distribution & marketing expenses

C. Total product cost = manufacturing cost + general expenses

D. Total product cost = direct production cost + plant overhead cost

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4

Nominal and effective interest rates are equal, when the interest is compounded

A. Quarterly

B. Semi-annually

C. Annually

D. In no case, they are equal

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4

Which of the following is not a component of depreciation cost?

A. Repairs and maintenance cost

B. Loss due to obsolescence of the equipment

C. Loss due to decrease in the demand of product

D. Loss due to accident/breakdown in the machinery

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4

Which of the following is not a component of the fixed capital for a chemical plant facility?

A. Raw materials inventory

B. Utilities plants

C. Process equipment

D. Emergency facilities

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. Difference between income and expense is termed as gross revenue

B. Unamortised cost is the difference between the original cost of a property and all the depreciation charges made to date

C. Sum-of-the-years-digits methods of depreciation calculation accounts for the interest on the investment

D. Scrap value is the net amount of money obtainable from the sale of used property over and above any charges involved in its removal & sale

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4

The amount of simple interest during 'n' interest period is (where, i = interest rate based on the length of one interest period, p = principal)

A. p.i.n.

B. p(1 + i.n)

C. p(1 + i)n

D. p(1 - i.n)

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4

Gantt chart (or Bar chart) is helpful in

A. Efficient utilisation of manpower and machines

B. Preparing production schedule

C. Efficient despatching of products

D. Inventory control

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4

Effluent treatment cost in a chemical plant is categorised as the __________ cost.

A. Fixed

B. Overhead

C. Utilities

D. Capital

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4

'Lang factor' is defined as the ratio of the capital investment to the delivered cost of major equipments. The value of 'Lang factor' for fixed capital investment, for a solid-fluid processing chemical plant ranges from

A. 1.2 to 1.4

B. 2.5 to 2.7

C. 4.2 to 4.4

D. 6.2 to 6.4

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4

A balance sheet for a chemical plant shows its financial condition at any given date. It does not contain the __________ of the plant.

A. Current asset

B. Current liability

C. Long term debt

D. Profit

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4

For a given fluid, as the pipe diameter increases, the pumping cost

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Remains the same

D. May increase or decrease, depending upon whether the fluid is Newtonian or non-Newtonian

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4

The ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment is termed as the __________ ratio.

A. Cash reserve

B. Capital

C. Turnover

D. Investment

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4

Which of the following is not a mathematical method for evaluation of profitability of a chemical process plant?

A. Cash reserve

B. Rate of return on investment

C. Payout period

D. Discounted cash flow based on full life performance

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4

In an ordinary chemical plant, electrical installation cost may be about

A. 10-15% of purchased equipment cost

B. 3-10% of fixed capital investment

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Profit is equal to revenue minus

A. Book value

B. Total cost

C. Operating cost

D. None of these

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4

If the interest rate of 10% per period is compounded half yearly, the actual annual return on the principal will be __________ percent.

A. 10

B. 20

C. > 20

D. < 20

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4

__________ of depreciation calculation does not take into account the interest on investments.

A. Present worth method

B. Sinking fund method

C. Sum of the years-digits method

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Out of the following, the depreciation calculated by the __________ method is the maximum.

A. Diminishing balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. Sinking fund

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4

__________ taxes are based on gross earnings.

A. Property

B. Excise

C. Income

D. Capital gain

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The annual depreciation rate for machinery and equipments in a chemical process plant is about 10% of the fixed capital investment

B. Annual depreciation rate of buildings in a chemical plant is about 3% of its initial cost

C. Insurance rates on annual basis in a chemical plant may be about 1% of the fixed capital investment

D. In a chemical industry, research and development cost amounts to about 15% of net sales realisation (NSR)

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4

Which of the following is a component of working capital investment?

A. Utilities plants

B. Maintenance and repair inventory

C. Process equipments

D. Depreciation

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4

For a typical project, the cumulative cash flow is zero at the

A. End of the project life

B. Breakeven point

C. Start up

D. End of the design stage

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4

Functional depreciation of an equipment is the measure of decrease in its value due to its

A. Ageing

B. Wear and tear

C. Obsolescence

D. Breakdown or accident

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4

The economic life of a large chemical process plant as compared to a small chemical plant is

A. Only slightly more

B. Much more

C. Slightly less

D. Almost equal