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4

An investment of Rs. 100 lakhs is to be made for construction of a plant, which will take two years to start production. The annual profit from the operation of the plant is Rs. 20 lakhs. What will be the payback time?

A. 5 years

B. 7 years

C. 12 years

D. 10 years

Correct Answer :

B. 7 years


Related Questions

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4

For a typical project, the cumulative cash flow is zero at the

A. End of the project life

B. Breakeven point

C. Start up

D. End of the design stage

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4

'Lang factor' is defined as the ratio of the capital investment to the delivered cost of major equipments. The value of 'Lang factor' for fixed capital investment, for a solid-fluid processing chemical plant ranges from

A. 1.2 to 1.4

B. 2.5 to 2.7

C. 4.2 to 4.4

D. 6.2 to 6.4

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4

Accumulated sum at the end of 5 years, if Rs. 10000 is invested now at 10% interest per annum on a compound basis is Rs.

A. 15000

B. 16105

C. 18105

D. 12500

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4

Which of the following is not a component of working capital?

A. Raw materials is stock

B. Finished products in stock

C. Transportation facilities

D. Semi-finished products in the process

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4

Nominal and effective interest rates are equal, when the interest is compounded

A. Quarterly

B. Semi-annually

C. Annually

D. In no case, they are equal

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4

In declining balance method of depreciation calculation, the

A. Value of the asset decreases linearly with time

B. Annual cost of depreciation is same every year

C. Annual depreciation is the fixed percentage of the property value at the beginning of the particular year

D. None of these

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4

Generally, income taxes are based on the

A. Total income

B. Gross earning

C. Total product cost

D. Fixed cost

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4

Which of the following is the costliest source of getting hydrogen on commercial scale for the manufacture of nitrogenous fertiliser?

A. Coal gasification

B. Steam reforming of naphtha

C. Electrolysis of water

D. Coke oven gas

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4

Depreciation

A. Costs (on annual basis) are constant when the straight line method is used for its determination

B. Is the unavoidable loss in the value of the plant, equipment and materials with lapse in time

C. Does figure in the calculation of income tax liability on cash flows from an investment

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Manufacturing cost in a chemical company does not include the

A. Fixed charges

B. Plant overheads

C. Direct products cost

D. Administrative expenses

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4

The payback method for the measurement of return on investment

A. Gives a correct picture of profitability

B. Underemphasises liquidity

C. Does not measure the discounted rate of return

D. Takes into account the cash inflows after the recovery of investments

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4

According to six-tenths-factor rule, if the cost of a given unit at one capacity is known, then the cost of similar unit with '' times the capacity of the first unit is approximately equal to __________ times the cost of the initial unit.

A. n

B. n0.6

C. n0.4

D. √n

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4

Utilities cost in the operation of chemical process plant comes under the

A. Plant overhead cost

B. Fixed charges

C. Direct production cost

D. General expenses

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4

Personnel working in the market research group is responsible for the job of

A. Equipment selection

B. Product evaluation

C. Equipment design

D. Cost estimation

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Chemical engineering plant cost index is used for finding the present cost of a particular chemical plant, if the cost of similar plant at some time in the past is known. The present cost of the plant = original cost × (index value at present/ index value at time original cost was obtained). The most major component of this cost index is

A. Fabricated equipment and machinery

B. Process instruments and control

C. Pumps and compressor

D. Electrical equipments and material

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A series of equal payments (e.g., deposit or cost) made at equal intervals of time is known as

A. Perpetuity

B. Capital charge factor

C. Annuity

D. Future worth

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4

A present sum of Rs. 100 at the end of one year, with half yearly rate of interest at 10%, will be Rs.

A. 121

B. 110

C. 97

D. 91

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4

Which of the following is not a component of the working capital for a chemical process plant?

A. Product inventory

B. In-process inventory

C. Minimum cash reserve

D. Storage facilities

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4

Which of the following is not a component of depreciation cost?

A. Repairs and maintenance cost

B. Loss due to obsolescence of the equipment

C. Loss due to decrease in the demand of product

D. Loss due to accident/breakdown in the machinery

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4

Construction expenses are roughly __________ percent of the total direct cost of the plant.

A. 2

B. 10

C. 30

D. 50

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4

An investment of Rs. 1000 is carrying an interest of 10% compounded quarterly. The value of the investment at the end of five years will be

A. 1000 (1 + 0.1/4)20

B. 1000 (1 + 0.1)20

C. 1000 (1 + 0.1/4)5

D. 1000 (1 + 0.1/2)5

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4

'Six-tenth factor' rule is used for estimating the

A. Equipment installation cost

B. Equipment cost by scaling

C. Cost of piping

D. Utilities cost

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4

'Utilities' in a chemical process plant includes compressed air, steam, water, electrical power, oxygen, acetylene, fuel gases etc. Utility costs for ordinary chemical process plants ranges roughly from __________ percent of the total product cost.

A. 1 to 5

B. 10 to 20

C. 25 to 35

D. 35 to 45

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4

Which of the following ceramic packing materials is the costliest of all?

A. Berl saddles

B. Raschig rings

C. Pall rings

D. Intalox saddles

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4

A machine has an initial value of Rs. 5000, service life of 5 years and final salvage value of Rs. 1000. The annual depreciation cost by straight line method is Rs.

A. 300

B. 600

C. 800

D. 1000

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4

Cost of piping in a fluid processing unit (e.g., distillation) of a chemical process plant is about __________ percent of the fixed capital investment.

A. 4

B. 13

C. 22

D. 34

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Longer tubes are less expensive per unit heat transfer area as compared to shorter tubes

B. A cost index is merely a number for a given year showing the cost at that time relative to a certain base year

C. Turnover ratio of a chemical plant is the ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment

D. Plates with butt welded joints are less expensive compared to lap welded joints, because squaring of plates is not necessary

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4

Which of the following is not a mathematical method for evaluation of profitability of a chemical process plant?

A. Cash reserve

B. Rate of return on investment

C. Payout period

D. Discounted cash flow based on full life performance

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4

Fixed capital investment of a chemical plant is the total amount of money needed to supply the necessary plant and manufacturing facilities plus the working capital for operation of the facilities. Which of the following components of fixed capital investment requires minimum percentage of it?

A. Electrical installation cost

B. Equipment installation cost

C. Cost for piping

D. Equipment insulation cost

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4

Optimum economic pipe diameter for fluid is determined by the

A. Viscosity of the fluid

B. Density of the fluid

C. Total cost considerations (pumping cost plus fixed cost of the pipe)

D. None of these