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Critical solution temperature (or the consolute temperature) for partially miscible liquids (e.g., phenol-water) is the minimum temperature at which

A. A homogeneous solution (say of phenol water) is formed

B. Mutual solubility of the two liquids shows a decreasing trend

C. Two liquids are completely separated into two layers

D. None of these

Correct Answer :

A. A homogeneous solution (say of phenol water) is formed


Related Questions

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4

Lenz's law results from the law of conservation of

A. Mass

B. Momentum

C. Energy

D. None of these

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4

Throttling (Joule-Thomson effect) process is a constant __________ process.

A. Enthalpy

B. Entropy

C. Pressure

D. None of these

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4

The value of Cp & Cv respectively for monatomic gases in Kcal/kg Mole.°K are

A. 5 & 3

B. 3.987 & 1.987

C. 1.987 & 0.66

D. 0.66 & 1.987

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4

Mollier diagram is a plot of

A. Temperature vs. enthalpy

B. Temperature vs. enthalpy

C. Entropy vs. enthalpy

D. Temperature vs. internal energy

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4

In the reaction, H2 +I2 2HI, addition of an inert gas will

A. Increase the partial pressure of H2

B. Increase the partial pressure of I2

C. Increase the total pressure and hence shift the equilibrium towards the right

D. Not affect the equilibrium conditions

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4

Van Laar equation deals with the activity coefficients in

A. Binary solutions

B. Ternary solutions

C. Azeotropic mixture only

D. None of these

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4

For an ideal solution, the value of activity co-efficient is

A. 0

B. 1

C. < 1

D. > 1

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4

Pick out the extensive property out of the following.

A. Surface tension

B. Free energy

C. Specific heat

D. Refractive index

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4

Fundamental principle of refrigeration is based on the __________ law of thermodynamics.

A. Zeroth

B. First

C. Second

D. Third

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4

Co-efficient of performance for a reversed Carnot cycle working between temperatures T1 and T2 (T1 > T2) is

A. T2/(T1 - T2)

B. T1/(T1 - T2)

C. (T1 - T2)/T1

D. (T1 - T2)/T2

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4

When a gas is subjected to adiabatic expansion, it gets cooled due to

A. Decrease in velocity

B. Decrease in temperature

C. Decrease in kinetic energy

D. Energy spent in doing work

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4

For a single component two phase mixture, the number of independent variable properties are

A. Two

B. One

C. Zero

D. Three

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4

The third law of thermodynamics states that the

A. Heat capacity of a crystalline solid is zero at absolute zero temperature

B. Heat transfer from low temperature to high temperature source is not possible without external work

C. Gases having same reduced properties behaves similarly

D. None of these

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4

Entropy of the system decreases, when

A. Snow melts into water

B. A gas expands spontaneously from high pressure to low pressure

C. Water is converted into ice

D. Both (B) & (C)

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4

In any spontaneous process,

A. Only F decreases

B. Only A decreases

C. Both F and A decreases

D. Both F and A increase

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4

For a constant volume process

A. dE = CpdT

B. dE = CvdT

C. dQ = dE + pdV

D. dW = pdV

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4

Critical temperature is defined as the temperature above which a gas will

A. Not liquify (barring exceptions)

B. Immediately liquify

C. Never liquify however high the pressure may be

D. None of these

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4

Change of heat content when one mole of compound is burnt in oxygen at constant pressure is called the

A. Calorific value

B. Heat of reaction

C. Heat of combustion

D. Heat of formation

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4

Dry ice is

A. Moisture free ice

B. Solid helium

C. Solid carbon dioxide

D. None of these

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4

A/an __________ system is exemplified by a vessel containing a volatile liquid in contact with its vapor.

A. Isolated

B. Closed

C. Open

D. None of these

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4

The internal energy of an ideal gas does not change in a reversible __________ process.

A. Isothermal

B. Adiabatic

C. Isobaric

D. Isometric

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4

Joule-Thomson co-efficient is defined as

A. μ = (∂P/∂T)H

B. μ = (∂T/∂P)H

C. μ = (∂E/∂T)H

D. μ = (∂E/∂P)H

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4

Internal energy of an element at 1 atm and 25° C is __________ kcal/kg.mole.

A. 0

B. 273

C. 25

D. None of these

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4

One ton of refrigeration is defined as the heat rate corresponding to melting of one ton of ice in one

A. Hour

B. Day

C. Minute

D. Second

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4

The expression for entropy change given by, ΔS = nR ln (V2/V1) + nCv ln (T2/T1) is valid for

A. Reversible isothermal volume change

B. Heating of a substance

C. Cooling of a substance

D. Simultaneous heating and expansion of an ideal gas

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4

In case of vapour compression refrigeration system, elevating the evaporator temperature (keeping the condenser temperature constant) results in

A. Enhanced COP

B. Decreased COP

C. No change in the value of COP

D. Increased or decreased COP; depending upon the type of refrigerant

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4

The gas law (PV = RT) is true for an __________ change.

A. Isothermal

B. Adiabatic

C. Both (A) & (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

In any spontaneous process, the __________ free energy decreases.

A. Helmholtz

B. Gibbs

C. Both a & b

D. Neither 'a' nor 'b'

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4

At 60° C, vapour pressure of methanol and water are 84.562 kPa and 19.953 kPa respectively. An aqueous solution of methanol at 60° C exerts a pressure of 39.223 kPa; the liquid phase and vapour phase mole fractions of methanol are 0.1686 and 0.5714 respectively. Activity co-efficient of methanol is

A. 1.572

B. 1.9398

C. 3.389

D. 4.238

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4

When a system in equilibrium is subjected to a change in temperature, pressure or concentration, the equilibrium is displaced in a direction which tends to undo the effect of the change. This is called the

A. Le-Chatelier principle

B. Kopp's rule

C. Law of corresponding state

D. Arrhenius hypothesis