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4

Enthalpy 'H' is defined as

A. H = E - PV

B. H = F - TS

C. H - E = PV

D. None of these

Correct Answer :

C. H - E = PV


Related Questions

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4

With increase in reduced temperature, the fugacity co-efficient of a gas at constant reduced pressure

A. Increases

B. Decreases

C. Remain same

D. Decreases linearly

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4

Gibbs free energy (F) is defined as

A. F = E - TS

B. F = H - TS

C. F = H + TS

D. F = E + TS

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4

Measurement of thermodynamic property of temperature is facilitated by __________ law of thermodynamics.

A. 1st

B. Zeroth

C. 3rd

D. None of these

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4

For a thermodynamic system containing 'x' chemical species, the maximum number of phases that can co-exist at equilibrium is

A. x

B. x + 1

C. x + 2

D. x + 3

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4

In the reaction, C + O2 → CO2; ΔH = - 94 kcal. What is the heat content (enthalpy) of O2?

A. -94 kcal

B. > -94 kcal

C. < - 94 kcal

D. Zero

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4

Consider the process A & B shown in the figure given below: In this case, it is possible that

A. Both the processes are adiabatic

B. Both the processes are isothermal

C. Process A is isothermal while B is adiabatic

D. Process A is adiabatic while B is isothermal

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4

For a multi-component system, the term chemical potential is equivalent to the

A. Molal concentration difference

B. Molar free energy

C. Partial molar free energy

D. Molar free energy change

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4

Requisites of a reversible process is that the

A. System and surroundings pressure be equal

B. Friction in the system should be absent

C. System and surroundings temperature be equal

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The net change in entropy in any reversible cycle is always zero

B. The entropy of the system as a whole in an irreversible process increases

C. The entropy of the universe tends to a maximum

D. The entropy of a substance does not remain constant during a reversible adiabatic change

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4

Maxwell's relation corresponding to the identity, dH = dS = Vdp + Σμi dni is

A. (∂T/∂V)S, ni = -(∂P/∂S)V, ni

B. (∂S/∂P)T, ni = (∂V/∂T)P, ni

C. (∂S/∂V)T, ni = (∂P/∂T)V, ni

D. (∂T/∂P)S, ni = (∂V/∂S)P, ni

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4

First law of thermodynamics deals with the

A. Direction of energy transfer

B. Reversible processes only

C. Irreversible processes only

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following processes cannot be made reversible even under ideal condition of operation?

A. Free expansion of a gas

B. Compression of air in a compressor

C. Expansion of steam in a turbine

D. All (A), (B) & (C)

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4

A chemical reaction will occur spontaneously at constant pressure and temperature, if the free energy is

A. Zero

B. Positive

C. Negative

D. None of these

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4

One mole of nitrogen at 8 bar and 600 K is contained in a piston-cylinder arrangement. It is brought to 1 bar isothermally against a resisting pressure of 1 bar. The work done (in Joules) by the gas is

A. 30554

B. 10373

C. 4988.4

D. 4364.9

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4

What is the ratio of adiabatic compressibility to isothermal compressibility?

A. 1

B. < 1

C. > 1

D. >> 1

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4

__________ calorimeter is normally used for measuring the dryness fraction of steam, when it is very low.

A. Bucket

B. Throttling

C. Separating

D. A combination of separating & throttling

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4

Entropy change for an irreversible process taking system and surrounding together is

A. 0

B. > 0

C. < 0

D. None of these

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4

In a working refrigerator, the value of COP is always

A. 0

B. < 0

C. < 1

D. > 1

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4

Internal energy is equal to the heat absorbed in case of a/an __________ process.

A. Constant volume

B. Polytropic

C. Adiabatic

D. Constant pressure

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4

(∂H/∂T)P is the mathematical expression for

A. CV

B. Entropy change

C. Gibbs free energy

D. None of these

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4

Henry's law is closely obeyed by a gas, when its __________ is extremely high.

A. Pressure

B. Solubility

C. Temperature

D. None of these

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4

Domestic refrigerator usually works on the __________ refrigeration cycle.

A. Carnot

B. Air

C. Absorption

D. vapour-ejection

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4

Work done in case of free expansion is

A. Indeterminate

B. Zero

C. Negative

D. None of these

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4

Equilibrium constant decreases as the temperature

A. Increases, for an exothermic reaction

B. Decreases, for an exothermic reaction

C. Increases, for an endothermic reaction

D. None of these

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4

Number of components (C), phase (P) and degrees of freedom (F) are related by Gibbs phase rule as

A. P + F - C = 2

B. C = P - F + 2

C. F = C - P - 2

D. P = F - C - 2

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4

The number of degrees of freedom for a mixture of ice and water (liquid) are

A. 3

B. 2

C. 1

D. 0

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4

Co-efficient of Performance (COP) of a refrigerator is the ratio of the

A. Work required to refrigeration obtained

B. Refrigeration obtained to the work required

C. Lower to higher temperature

D. Higher to lower temperature

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4

Fundamental principle of refrigeration is based on the __________ law of thermodynamics.

A. Zeroth

B. First

C. Second

D. Third

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4

In an isothermal process on an ideal gas, the pressure increases by 0.5 percent. The volume decreases by about __________ percent.

A. 0.25

B. 0.5

C. 0.75

D. 1

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4

Isentropic process means a constant __________ process.

A. Enthalpy

B. Pressure

C. Entropy

D. None of these