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4

Relative cost of chemical process plants in India is about __________ percent more than the similar plants in U.S.A.

A. 15

B. 35

C. 55

D. 75

Correct Answer :

B. 35


Related Questions

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Chemical engineering plant cost index is used for finding the present cost of a particular chemical plant, if the cost of similar plant at some time in the past is known. The present cost of the plant = original cost × (index value at present/ index value at time original cost was obtained). The most major component of this cost index is

A. Fabricated equipment and machinery

B. Process instruments and control

C. Pumps and compressor

D. Electrical equipments and material

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4

Profit is equal to revenue minus

A. Book value

B. Total cost

C. Operating cost

D. None of these

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4

__________ of depreciation calculation accounts for the interest on investment.

A. Straight line method

B. Declining balance

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Equipment installation cost in a chemical process plant ranges from __________ percent of the purchased equipment cost.

A. 10 to 20

B. 35 to 45

C. 55 to 65

D. 70 to 80

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4

The amount of simple interest during 'n' interest period is (where, i = interest rate based on the length of one interest period, p = principal)

A. p.i.n.

B. p(1 + i.n)

C. p(1 + i)n

D. p(1 - i.n)

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4

In an ordinary chemical plant, electrical installation cost may be about

A. 10-15% of purchased equipment cost

B. 3-10% of fixed capital investment

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Which of the following relationship is not correct is case of a chemical process plant?

A. Manufacturing cost = direct product cost + fixed charges + plant overhead costs

B. General expenses = administrative expenses + distribution & marketing expenses

C. Total product cost = manufacturing cost + general expenses

D. Total product cost = direct production cost + plant overhead cost

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4

__________ taxes are based on gross earnings.

A. Property

B. Excise

C. Income

D. Capital gain

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4

Effluent treatment cost in a chemical plant is categorised as the __________ cost.

A. Fixed

B. Overhead

C. Utilities

D. Capital

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4

Direct costs component of the fixed capital consists of

A. Contingencies

B. Onsite and offsite costs

C. Labour costs

D. Raw material costs

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4

Which of the following ceramic packing materials is the costliest of all?

A. Berl saddles

B. Raschig rings

C. Pall rings

D. Intalox saddles

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4

Operating profit of a chemical plant is equal to

A. Profit before interest and tax i.e., net profit + interest + tax

B. Profit after tax plus depreciation

C. Net profit + tax

D. Profit after tax

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4

For a given fluid, as the pipe diameter increases, the pumping cost

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Remains the same

D. May increase or decrease, depending upon whether the fluid is Newtonian or non-Newtonian

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4

Cost of instrumentation in a modern chemical plant ranges from __________ percent of the total plant cost.

A. 5 to 10

B. 20 to 30

C. 40 to 50

D. 60 to 70

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4

'P' is the investment made on an equipment, 'S' is its salvage value and 'n is the life of the equipment in years. The depreciation for Rath year by the sum-of years digit method will be

A. (P - S)/n

B. 1 - (P/S)1/m

C. (m/n) (P - S)

D. [2 (n - m + 1)/n(n + 1)]. (P - S)

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4

Which of the following is the cheapest material of construction for the storage of sodium hydroxide upto a concentration of 75%?

A. Stainless steel

B. Plain carbon steel

C. Nickel

D. Copper

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4

A reactor having a salvage value of Rs. 10000 is estimated to have a service life of 10 years. The annual interest rate is 10%. The original cost of the reactor was Rs. 80000. The book value of the reactor after 5 years using sinking fund depreciation method will be Rs.

A. 40,096

B. 43,196

C. 53,196

D. 60,196

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Longer tubes are less expensive per unit heat transfer area as compared to shorter tubes

B. A cost index is merely a number for a given year showing the cost at that time relative to a certain base year

C. Turnover ratio of a chemical plant is the ratio of gross annual sales to the fixed capital investment

D. Plates with butt welded joints are less expensive compared to lap welded joints, because squaring of plates is not necessary

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4

'Six-tenth factor' rule is used for estimating the

A. Equipment installation cost

B. Equipment cost by scaling

C. Cost of piping

D. Utilities cost

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Gross revenue is that total amount of capital received as a result of the sale of goods or service

B. Net revenue is the total profit remaining after deducting all costs excluding taxes

C. The ratio of immediately available cash to the total current liabilities is known as the cash ratio

D. Consolidated income statement based on a given time period indicates surplus capital and shows the relationship among total income, costs & profit over the time interval

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4

Optimum economic pipe diameter for fluid is determined by the

A. Viscosity of the fluid

B. Density of the fluid

C. Total cost considerations (pumping cost plus fixed cost of the pipe)

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Net worth means paid up share capital and reserve & surplus (i.e. shareholders equity)

B. Return on equity = profit after tax/net worth

C. Working capital turnover ratio = sales/net working capital

D. Total cost of production is more than net sales realisation (NSR) at breakeven point

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4

The ratio of working capital to total capital investment for most chemical plants (except for nonseasonal based products) is in the range of __________ percent.

A. 0.1 to 1

B. 1 to 2

C. 10 to 20

D. 50 to 60

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4

An annuity is a series of equal payments occuring at equal time intervals, and this amount includes the sum of all payments plus interest, if allowed to accumulate at a definite rate of interest from the time of initial payment to the end of annuity term. Ordinary annuity is used in the calculation of the

A. Manufacturing cost

B. Depreciation by sinking fund method

C. Discrete compound interest

D. Cash ratio

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4

Relative cost of chemical process plants in India is about __________ percent more than the similar plants in U.S.A.

A. 15

B. 35

C. 55

D. 75

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4

Which of the following is a component of working capital investment?

A. Utilities plants

B. Maintenance and repair inventory

C. Process equipments

D. Depreciation

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4

Out of the following, the depreciation calculated by the __________ method is the maximum.

A. Diminishing balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. Sinking fund

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4

A balance sheet for a chemical plant shows its financial condition at any given date. It does not contain the __________ of the plant.

A. Current asset

B. Current liability

C. Long term debt

D. Profit

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4

Which of the following is the costliest material of construction used in pressure vessel construction?

A. Low alloy steel

B. Lead

C. Titanium

D. High alloy steel

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4

Which of the following methods of depreciation calculations results in book values greater than those obtained with straight line method?

A. Multiple straight line method

B. Sinking fund method

C. Declining balance method

D. Sum of the years digit method