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4

The unit power developed by a turbine is (where P = Power developed by the turbine under a head of water (H).

A. P/ √H

B. P/ H

C. P/ H3/2

D. P/ H²

Correct Answer :

C. P/ H3/2


Related Questions

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4

The impeller of a centrifugal pump may have

A. Volute casing

B. Volute casing with guide blades

C. Vortex casing

D. Any one of these

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4

In axial flow fans and turbines, fluid enters and leaves as follows

A. Radially, axially

B. Axially, radially

C. Axially, axially

D. Radially, radially

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4

In a Kaplan turbine runner, the numbers of blades are generally between

A. 2 to 4

B. 4 to 8

C. 8 to 16

D. 16 to 24

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4

Reaction turbines are used for

A. Low head

B. High head

C. High head and low discharge

D. Low head and high discharge

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4

A Pelton wheel develops 1750 kW under a head of 100 metres while running at 200 r.p.m. and discharging 2500 litres of water per second. The unit speed of the wheel is

A. 10 r.p.m.

B. 20 r.p.m.

C. 40 r.p.m.

D. 80 r.p.m.

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4

The flow rate in gear pump

A. Increases with increase in pressure

B. Decreases with increase in pressure

C. More or less remains constant with increase in pressure

D. Unpredictable

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4

The force exerted by a jet of water (in a direction normal to flow) impinging on a fixed plate inclined at an angle θ with the jet is

A. waV/2g × sinθ

B. waV/g × sinθ

C. waV²/2g × sin2θ

D. waV²/g × sinθ

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4

The maximum number of jets, generally, employed in an impulse turbine without jet interference are

A. Two

B. Four

C. Six

D. Eight

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4

In a centrifugal pump casing, the flow of water leaving the

A. Radial

B. Axial

C. Centrifugal

D. Vortex

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4

A hydraulic ram is a device used to

A. Store the energy of water

B. Increase the pressure of water

C. To lift water from deep wells

D. To lift small quantity of water to a greater height when a large quantity of water is available at a smaller height

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4

The specific speed of a turbine is the speed of an imaginary turbine, identical with the given turbine, which

A. Delivers unit discharge under unit head

B. Delivers unit discharge under unit speed

C. Develops unit power under unit head

D. Develops unit power under unit speed

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4

In a reaction turbine, the draft tube is used

A. To run the turbine full

B. To prevent air to enter the turbine

C. To increase the head of water by an amount equal to the height of the runner outlet above the tail race

D. To transport water to downstream

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4

Low specific speed of turbine implies it is

A. Propeller turbine

B. Francis turbine

C. Impulse turbine

D. Any one of the above

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4

Any change in load is adjusted by adjusting following parameter on turbine

A. Net head

B. Absolute velocity

C. Blade velocity

D. Flow

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4

In a Francis turbine runner, the numbers of blades are generally between

A. 2 to 4

B. 4 to 8

C. 8 to 16

D. 16 to 24

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4

The unit discharge through the turbine is

A. Q/√H

B. Q/H

C. Q/H3/2

D. Q/H²

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4

Axial flow pump is started with its delivery valve

A. Kept fully closed

B. Kept fully open

C. Irrespective of any position

D. Kept 50% open

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4

Which of the following pump is suitable for small discharge and high heads?

A. Centrifugal pump

B. Axial flow pump

C. Mixed flow pump

D. Reciprocating pump

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4

The specific speed (Ns) of a centrifugal pump is given by

A. (N√Q)/H2/3

B. (N√Q)/H3/4

C. (N√Q)/H

D. (N√Q)/H5/4

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4

The discharge through a turbine is

A. Directly proportional to H1/2

B. Inversely proportional to H1/2

C. Directly proportional to H3/2

D. Inversely proportional to H3/2

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4

Pressure intensifier increases the pressure in proportion to

A. Ratio of diameters

B. Square of ratio of diameters

C. Inverse ratio of diameters

D. Square of inverse ratio of diameters

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4

Multistage centrifugal pumps are used to obtain

A. High discharge

B. High head

C. Pumping of viscous fluids

D. High head and high discharge

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4

The ratio of quantity of liquid discharged per second from the pump to the quantity of liquid passing per second through the impeller is known as

A. Manometric efficiency

B. Mechanical efficiency

C. Overall efficiency

D. Volumetric efficiency

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4

Which of the following turbine is preferred for 0 to 25 m head of water?

A. Pelton wheel

B. Kaplan turbine

C. Francis turbine

D. None of these

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4

The working of which of the following hydraulic units is based on Pascal's law?

A. Air lift pump

B. Jet pump

C. Hydraulic coupling

D. Hydraulic press

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4

By fitting an air vessel to the reciprocating pump, there is always a saving of work done and subsequently saving of power. The saving in case of a double acting reciprocating pump is

A. 39.2 %

B. 48.8 %

C. 84.8 %

D. 88.4 %

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4

Indicator diagram of a reciprocating pump is a graph between

A. Flow vs. swept volume

B. Pressure in cylinder vs. swept volume

C. Flow vs. speed

D. Pressure vs. speed

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4

A hydraulic coupling belongs to the category of

A. Power absorbing machines

B. Power developing machines

C. Energy transfer machines

D. Energy generating machines

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4

Which of the following statement is correct as regard to water wheels?

A. They have slow speeds

B. They are suitable even for low water heads

C. They give constant efficiency, even if the discharge is not constant

D. All of the above

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4

The cavitation in a hydraulic machine is mainly due to

A. Low velocity

B. High velocity

C. Low pressure

D. High pressure