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4

Domestic refrigerator usually works on the __________ refrigeration cycle.

A. Carnot

B. Air

C. Absorption

D. vapour-ejection

Correct Answer :

C. Absorption


Related Questions

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4

Solid and liquid phases of a substance are in equilibrium at the

A. Critical temperature

B. Melting point

C. Freezing point

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

One ton of refrigeration capacity is equivalent to the heat removal rate of

A. 50 kcal/hr

B. 200 BTU/hr

C. 200 BTU/minute

D. 200 BTU/day

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4

The point at which all the three (solid, liquid and gas) phases co-exist, is known as the __________ point.

A. Freezing

B. Triple

C. Boiling

D. Boyle

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4

Which of the following equations is used for the prediction of activity co-efficient from experiments?

A. Van Laar equation

B. Margules equation

C. Wilson's equation

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Co-efficient of Performance (COP) of a refrigerator is the ratio of the

A. Work required to refrigeration obtained

B. Refrigeration obtained to the work required

C. Lower to higher temperature

D. Higher to lower temperature

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4

Pick out the wrong statement pertaining to the decomposition of PCl5 represented by, PCl5 PCl3 + Cl2.Degree of dissociation of PCl5 will

A. Decrease on addition of Cl2

B. Increase on addition of an inert gas at constant pressure

C. Decrease on increasing the pressure of the system

D. None of these

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4

For a real gas, the chemical potential is given by

A. RT d ln P

B. RT d ln f

C. R d ln f

D. None of these

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4

Second law of thermodynamics is concerned with the

A. Amount of energy transferred

B. Direction of energy transfer

C. Irreversible processes only

D. Non-cyclic processes only

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4

The internal energy of a gas obeying P (V - b) RT (where, b is a positive constant and has a constant Cv), depends upon its

A. Pressure

B. Volume

C. Temperature

D. All (A), (B) & (C)

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4

Which of the following is not an intensive property?

A. Volume

B. Density

C. Temperature

D. Pressure

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4

In an ideal gas mixture, fugacity of a species is equal to its

A. Vapor pressure

B. Partial pressure

C. Chemical potential

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is not an intensive property?

A. Chemical potential

B. Surface tension

C. Heat capacity

D. None of these

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4

In any spontaneous process, the __________ free energy decreases.

A. Helmholtz

B. Gibbs

C. Both a & b

D. Neither 'a' nor 'b'

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4

The ratio of equilibrium constants (Kp2/Kp1) at two different temperatures is given by

A. (R/ΔH) (1/T1 - 1/T2)

B. (ΔH/R) (1/T1 - 1/T2)

C. (ΔH/R) (1/T2 - 1/T1)

D. (1/R) (1/T1 - 1/T2)

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4

For a reversible process involving only pressure-volume work

A. (dF)T, p < 0

B. (dF)T, p > 0

C. (dF)T, p = 0

D. (dA)T, v < 0

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4

Compressibility factor-reduced pressure plot on reduced co-ordinates facilitates

A. Use of only one graph for all gases

B. Covering of wide range

C. Easier plotting

D. More accurate plotting

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4

The fugacity of a gas in a mixture is equal to the product of its mole fraction and its fugacity in the pure state at the total pressure of the mixture. This is

A. The statement as per Gibbs-Helmholtz

B. Called Lewis-Randall rule

C. Henry's law

D. None of these

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4

A two stage compressor is used to compress an ideal gas. The gas is cooled to the initial temperature after each stage. The intermediate pressure for the minimum total work requirement should be equal to the __________ mean of P1 and P2. (where, P1 and P2 are initial and final pressures respectively)

A. Logarithmic

B. Arithmetic

C. Geometric

D. Harmonic

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4

All gases during throttling process at atmospheric temperature and pressure show a cooling effect except

A. CO2

B. H2

C. O2

D. N2

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4

__________ law of thermodynamics ascertains the direction of a particular spontaneous process.

A. Zeroth

B. First

C. Second

D. Third

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4

Change of state namely evaporation condensation, freezing and melting is an __________ process.

A. Isothermal

B. Adiabatic

C. Isobaric

D. Isochoric

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4

What is the degree of freedom for a system comprising liquid water equilibrium with its vapour?

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3

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4

A gas mixture of three components is brought in contact with a dispersion of an organic phase in water. The degree of freedom of the system is

A. 3

B. 4

C. 5

D. 6

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4

For an ideal solution, the value of activity co-efficient is

A. 0

B. 1

C. < 1

D. > 1

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4

When a gas is expanded from high pressure region to low pressure region; temperature change occurs. This phenomenon is related to the

A. Gibbs-Duhem equation

B. Gibbs-Helmholtz equation

C. Third law of thermodynamics

D. Joule-Thomson effect

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4

The most important application of distribution law is in

A. Evaporation

B. Liquid extraction

C. Drying

D. Distillation

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4

The equation Tds = dE - PdV applies to

A. Single phase fluid of varying composition

B. Single phase fluid of constant composition

C. Open as well as closed systems

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

Work done is a

A. Property of the system

B. Path function

C. Point function

D. State description of a system

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4

High pressure steam is expanded adiabatically and reversibly through a well insulated turbine, which produces some shaft work. If the enthalpy change and entropy change across the turbine are represented by ΔH and ΔS respectively for this process:

A. Δ H = 0 and ΔS = 0

B. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS = 0

C. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

D. Δ H = 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

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4

In jet refrigerators, the refrigerating fluid is practically always

A. Water

B. Ammonia

C. Freon

D. Brine