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4

Gibbs free energy of a pure fluid approaches __________ as the pressure tends to zero at constant temperature.

A. Infinity

B. Minus infinity

C. Zero

D. None of these

Correct Answer :

B. Minus infinity


Related Questions

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4

The equation, Cp - Cv = R, is true for __________ gas.

A. No

B. Any real

C. Only ideal

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

Keeping the pressure constant, to double the volume of a given mass of an ideal gas at 27°C, the temperature should be raised to __________ °C.

A. 270

B. 327

C. 300

D. 540

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4

No work is done by the system, when a reaction occurs at constant

A. Volume

B. Temperature

C. Pressure

D. None of these

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4

A system in which there is exchange of energy but not of mass, is called a/an __________ system.

A. Isolated

B. Open

C. Insulated

D. Closed

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4

Ideal gas law is applicable at

A. Low T, low P

B. High T, high P

C. Low T, high P

D. High T, low P

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4

Gases are cooled in Joule-Thomson expansion, when it is __________ inversion temperature.

A. Below

B. At

C. Above

D. Either 'b' or 'c'

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4

Vapour which is at a pressure smaller than the saturation pressure for the temperature involved is called a __________ vapour.

A. Superheated

B. Desuperheated

C. Non-condensable

D. None of these

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4

Joule-Thomson effect i.e., a throttling process is a constant __________ process.

A. Entropy

B. Temperature

C. Internal energy

D. Enthalpy

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The values of (∂P/∂V)T and (∂2P/∂V2)T are zero for a real gas at its critical point

B. Heat transferred is equal to the change in the enthalpy of the system, for a constant pressure, non-flow, mechanically reversible process

C. Thermal efficiency of a Carnot engine depends upon the properties of the working fluid besides the source & sink temperatures

D. During a reversible adiabatic process, the entropy of a substance remains constant

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4

A cylinder contains 640 gm of liquid oxygen. The volume occupied (in litres) by the oxygen, when it is released and brought to standard conditions (0°C, 760 mm Hg) will be __________ litres.

A. 448

B. 224

C. 22.4

D. Data insufficient; can't be computed

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4

Standard temperature and pressure (S.T.P.) is

A. 0°C and 750 mm Hg

B. 15°C and 750 mm Hg

C. 0°C and 1 kgf/cm2

D. 15°C and 1 kgf/cm2

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4

The compressibility factor of a gas is given by (where, V1 = actual volume of the gas V2 = gas volume predicted by ideal gas law)

A. V1/V2

B. V2/V1

C. V1 - V2

D. V1.V2

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4

In the equation, PVn = constant, if the value of n = 1, then it represents a reversible __________ process.

A. Isothermal

B. Isobaric

C. Polytropic

D. Adiabatic

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4

If two gases have same reduced temperature and reduced pressure, then they will have the same

A. Volume

B. Mass

C. Critical temperature

D. None of these

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4

High pressure steam is expanded adiabatically and reversibly through a well insulated turbine, which produces some shaft work. If the enthalpy change and entropy change across the turbine are represented by ΔH and ΔS respectively for this process:

A. Δ H = 0 and ΔS = 0

B. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS = 0

C. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

D. Δ H = 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

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4

While dissolving a gas into a liquid at a constant temperature, the ratio of the concentration of the gas in the solution phase and in the gaseous phase is

A. Infinity

B. Unity

C. Constant

D. Negative

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4

Joule-Thomson co-efficient for a perfect gas is

A. Zero

B. Positive

C. Negative

D. None of these

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4

Absolute zero temperature signifies the

A. Minimum temperature attainable

B. Temperature of the heat reservoir to which a Carnot engine rejects all the heat that is taken in

C. Temperature of the heat reservoir to which a Carnot engine rejects no heat

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement:

A. The expansion of a gas in vacuum is an irreversible process

B. An isometric process is a constant pressure process

C. Entropy change for a reversible adiabatic process is zero

D. Free energy change for a spontaneous process is negative

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4

In case of vapour compression refrigeration system, elevating the evaporator temperature (keeping the condenser temperature constant) results in

A. Enhanced COP

B. Decreased COP

C. No change in the value of COP

D. Increased or decreased COP; depending upon the type of refrigerant

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4

Out of the following refrigeration cycles, which one has maximum COP?

A. Air cycle

B. Carnot cycle

C. Ordinary vapor compression cycle

D. Vapor compression with a reversible expansion engine

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4

Compressibility factor of a gas is

A. Not a function of its pressure

B. Not a function of its nature

C. Not a function of its temperature

D. Unity, if it follows PV = nRT

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4

Clausius-Clapeyron equation is applicable to __________ equilibrium processes.

A. Solid-vapor

B. Solid-liquid

C. Liquid-vapor

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

The expression for entropy change given by, ΔS = nR ln (V2/V1) + nCv ln (T2/T1) is valid for

A. Reversible isothermal volume change

B. Heating of a substance

C. Cooling of a substance

D. Simultaneous heating and expansion of an ideal gas

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4

The standard Gibbs free energy change of a reaction depends on the equilibrium

A. Pressure

B. Temperature

C. Composition

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

All gases except __________ shows a cooling effect during throttling process at atmospheric temperature and pressure.

A. Oxygen

B. Nitrogen

C. Air

D. Hydrogen

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4

Which is a state function?

A. Specific volume

B. Work

C. Pressure

D. Temperature

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4

Reduced pressure of a gas is the ratio of its

A. Pressure to critical pressure

B. Critical pressure to pressure

C. Pressure to pseudocritical pressure

D. Pseudocritical pressure to pressure

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4

Fugacity and pressure are numerically not equal for the gases

A. At low temperature and high pressure

B. At standard state

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. In ideal state

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4

Pick out the correct statement.

A. The available energy in an isolated system for all irreversible (real) processes decreases

B. The efficiency of a Carnot engine increases, if the sink temperature is decreased

C. The reversible work for compression in non-flow process under isothermal condition is the change in Helmholtz free energy

D. All (A), (B) and (C)