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4

In the reaction, represented by, 2SO2 + O2 2SO3; ΔH = - 42 kcal; the forward reaction will be favoured by

A. Low temperature

B. High pressure

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

Correct Answer :

C. Both (A) and (B)


Related Questions

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4

1st law of thermodynamics is nothing but the law of conservation of

A. Momentum

B. Mass

C. Energy

D. None of these

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4

First law of thermodynamics is mathematically stated as

A. dQ = dE + dW

B. dQ = dE - dW

C. dE = dQ + dW

D. dW = dQ + dE

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4

Entropy is a measure of the __________ of a system.

A. Disorder

B. Orderly behaviour

C. Temperature changes only

D. None of these

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4

An ideal liquid refrigerant should

A. Not have a sub-atmospheric vapour pressure at the temperature in the refrigerator coils

B. Not have unduly high vapour pressure at the condenser temperature

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Have low specific heat

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4

At absolute zero temperature, the __________ of the gas is zero.

A. Pressure

B. Volume

C. Mass

D. None of these

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4

For a given substance at a specified temperature, activity is __________ to fugacity.

A. Directly proportional

B. Inversely proportional

C. Equal

D. None of these

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4

__________ increases with increase in pressure.

A. The melting point of wax

B. The boiling point of a liquid

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

The main feature of Carnot refrigeration cycle is that, it

A. Does not need the addition of external work for its functioning

B. Transfers heat from high temperature to low temperature

C. Accomplishes the reverse effect of the heat engine

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Trouton's ratio of non-polar liquids is calculated using Kistyakowsky equation

B. Thermal efficiency of a Carnot engine is always less than 1

C. An equation relating pressure, volume and temperature of a gas is called ideal gas equation

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is not an intensive property?

A. Chemical potential

B. Surface tension

C. Heat capacity

D. None of these

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4

Air enters an adiabatic compressor at 300K. The exit temperature for a compression ratio of 3, assuming air to be an ideal gas (Y = Cp/Cv = 7/5) and the process to be reversible, is

A. 300 × (32/7)

B. 300 × (33/5)

C. 300 × (333/7)

D. 300 × (35/7)

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4

Melting of wax is accompanied with __________ in entropy.

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. No change

D. None of these

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4

Entropy change of the reaction, H2O (liquid) → H2O (gas), is termed as the enthalpy of

A. Solution

B. Vaporisation

C. Formation

D. Sublimation

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4

In the decomposition of PCl5 represented by, PCl5 PCl3 + Cl2, decrease in the pressure of the system will __________ the degree of dissociation of PCl5.

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Not alter

D. None of these

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4

Boiling of liquid is accompanied with increase in the

A. Vapor pressure

B. Specific Gibbs free energy

C. Specific entropy

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

The expression, nCv(T2 - T1), is for the __________ of an ideal gas.

A. Work done under adiabatic condition

B. Co-efficient of thermal expansion

C. Compressibility

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. An ideal liquid or solid solution is defined as one in which each component obeys Raoult's law

B. If Raoult's law is applied to one component of a binary mixture; Henry's law or Raoult's law is applied to the other component also

C. Henry's law is rigorously correct in the limit of infinite dilution

D. None of these

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4

Clausius-Clapeyron Equation gives accurate result, when the

A. Vapour pressure is relatively low and the temperature does not vary over wide limits

B. Vapour obeys the ideal gas law and the latent heat of vaporisation is constant

C. Volume in the liquid state is negligible compared with that in the vapour state

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

For a constant volume process __________ by the system is used only to increase the internal energy.

A. Heat absorbed

B. Work done

C. Both (A) & (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

1m3 of an ideal gas at 500 K and 1000 kPa expands reversibly to 5 times its initial volume in an insulated container. If the specific heat capacity (at constant pressure) of the gas is 21 J/mole . K, the final temperature will be

A. 35 K

B. 174 K

C. 274 K

D. 154 K

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4

The work done in an adiabatic change in a particular gas depends upon changes in the __________ only.

A. Temperature

B. Specific heat

C. Volume

D. Pressure

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4

The principle applied in liquefaction of gases is

A. Adiabatic expansion

B. Joule-Thomson effect

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Which of the following diagrams does not represent an Otto cycle?

A.

B.

C.

D. None of these

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4

Isotherm on an enthalpy-concentration diagram, for an ideal solution will be a

A. Straight line

B. Sine curve

C. Parabola

D. Hyperbola

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4

An ideal monatomic gas is taken round the cycle ABCDA as shown below in the P-V diagram. The work done during the cycle is

A. PV

B. 2PV

C. PV/2

D. 0

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Surface tension of a substance vanishes at critical point, as there is no distinction between liquid and vapour phases at its critical point

B. Entropy of a system decreases with the evolution of heat

C. Change of internal energy is negative for exothermic reactions

D. The eccentric factor for all materials is always more than one

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4

Pressure-enthalpy chart is useful in refrigeration. The change in internal energy of an ideal fluid used in ideal refrigeration cycle is

A. Positive

B. Negative

C. Zero

D. Infinity

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4

The equilibrium constant for a chemical reaction at two different temperatures is given by

A. Kp2/Kp1 = - (ΔH/R) (1/T2 - 1/T1)

B. Kp2/Kp1 = (ΔH/R) (1/T2 - 1/T1)

C. Kp2/Kp1 = ΔH (1/T2 - 1/T1)

D. Kp2/Kp1 = - (1/R) (1/T2 - 1/T1)

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4

For a multi-component system, the term chemical potential is equivalent to the

A. Molal concentration difference

B. Molar free energy

C. Partial molar free energy

D. Molar free energy change

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4

Water on heating from 1 to 4°C

A. Contracts

B. Expands

C. Has same volume

D. May contract or expand