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4

Out of the following, the depreciation calculated by the __________ method is the maximum.

A. Diminishing balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. Sinking fund

Correct Answer :

A. Diminishing balance


Related Questions

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4

__________ taxes are based on gross earnings.

A. Property

B. Excise

C. Income

D. Capital gain

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Gross margin = net income - net expenditure

B. Net sales realisation (NSR) = Gross sales - selling expenses

C. At breakeven point, NSR is more than the total production cost

D. Net profit = Gross margin - depreciation - interest

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4

The economic life of a large chemical process plant as compared to a small chemical plant is

A. Only slightly more

B. Much more

C. Slightly less

D. Almost equal

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4

Construction expenses are roughly __________ percent of the total direct cost of the plant.

A. 2

B. 10

C. 30

D. 50

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4

The ratio of working capital to total capital investment for most chemical plants (except for nonseasonal based products) is in the range of __________ percent.

A. 0.1 to 1

B. 1 to 2

C. 10 to 20

D. 50 to 60

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4

Maximum production start up cost for making a chemical plant operational is about __________ percent of the fixed capital cost.

A. 1

B. 5

C. 10

D. 30

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4

Which of the following is not a mathematical method for evaluation of profitability of a chemical process plant?

A. Cash reserve

B. Rate of return on investment

C. Payout period

D. Discounted cash flow based on full life performance

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4

Optimum economic pipe diameter for fluid is determined by the

A. Viscosity of the fluid

B. Density of the fluid

C. Total cost considerations (pumping cost plus fixed cost of the pipe)

D. None of these

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4

For a given fluid, as the pipe diameter increases, the pumping cost

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Remains the same

D. May increase or decrease, depending upon whether the fluid is Newtonian or non-Newtonian

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4

If the interest rate of 10% per period is compounded half yearly, the actual annual return on the principal will be __________ percent.

A. 10

B. 20

C. > 20

D. < 20

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4

A present sum of Rs. 100 at the end of one year, with half yearly rate of interest at 10%, will be Rs.

A. 121

B. 110

C. 97

D. 91

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4

Annual depreciation costs are constant, when the __________ method of depreciation calculation is used.

A. Declining balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is the costliest material of construction used in pressure vessel construction?

A. Low alloy steel

B. Lead

C. Titanium

D. High alloy steel

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4

A balance sheet for a chemical plant shows its financial condition at any given date. It does not contain the __________ of the plant.

A. Current asset

B. Current liability

C. Long term debt

D. Profit

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4

In a chemical process plant, the total product cost comprises of manufacturing cost and the

A. General expenses

B. Overhead cost

C. R & D cost

D. None of these

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4

Expenditure on research and development (R & D) is categorised as the __________, while making an estimate of the total product cost for a chemical plant.

A. Overhead cost

B. Fixed expenses

C. General expenses

D. Direct production cost

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4

An investment of Rs. 100 lakhs is to be made for construction of a plant, which will take two years to start production. The annual profit from the operation of the plant is Rs. 20 lakhs. What will be the payback time?

A. 5 years

B. 7 years

C. 12 years

D. 10 years

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4

Operating profit of a chemical plant is equal to

A. Profit before interest and tax i.e., net profit + interest + tax

B. Profit after tax plus depreciation

C. Net profit + tax

D. Profit after tax

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4

In financial accounting of a chemical plant, which of the following relationship is invalid?

A. Assets = equities

B. Assets = liabilities + net worth

C. Total income = costs + profits

D. Assets = capital

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4

Nominal and effective interest rates are equal, when the interest is compounded

A. Quarterly

B. Semi-annually

C. Annually

D. In no case, they are equal

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4

'P' is the investment made on an equipment, 'S' is its salvage value and 'n is the life of the equipment in years. The depreciation for Rath year by the sum-of years digit method will be

A. (P - S)/n

B. 1 - (P/S)1/m

C. (m/n) (P - S)

D. [2 (n - m + 1)/n(n + 1)]. (P - S)

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4

Out of the following, the depreciation calculated by the __________ method is the maximum.

A. Diminishing balance

B. Straight line

C. Sum of the years digit

D. Sinking fund

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4

The amount of simple interest during 'n' interest period is (where, i = interest rate based on the length of one interest period, p = principal)

A. p.i.n.

B. p(1 + i.n)

C. p(1 + i)n

D. p(1 - i.n)

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4

Fixed capital investment of a chemical plant is the total amount of money needed to supply the necessary plant and manufacturing facilities plus the working capital for operation of the facilities. Which of the following components of fixed capital investment requires minimum percentage of it?

A. Electrical installation cost

B. Equipment installation cost

C. Cost for piping

D. Equipment insulation cost

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4

A series of equal payments (e.g., deposit or cost) made at equal intervals of time is known as

A. Perpetuity

B. Capital charge factor

C. Annuity

D. Future worth

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4

The inventory of raw materials included in the working capital is usually about __________ months supply of raw materials valued at delivery prices.

A. One

B. Three

C. Six

D. Twelve

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. The annual depreciation rate for machinery and equipments in a chemical process plant is about 10% of the fixed capital investment

B. Annual depreciation rate of buildings in a chemical plant is about 3% of its initial cost

C. Insurance rates on annual basis in a chemical plant may be about 1% of the fixed capital investment

D. In a chemical industry, research and development cost amounts to about 15% of net sales realisation (NSR)

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4

Which of the following is a component of working capital investment?

A. Utilities plants

B. Maintenance and repair inventory

C. Process equipments

D. Depreciation

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4

In a manufacturing industry, breakeven point occurs, when the

A. Total annual rate of production equals the assigned value

B. Total annual product cost equals the total annual sales

C. Annual profit equals the expected value

D. Annual sales equals the fixed cost

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4

In an ordinary chemical plant, electrical installation cost may be about

A. 10-15% of purchased equipment cost

B. 3-10% of fixed capital investment

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)