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4

Which of the following statement is correct regarding normal cetane?

A. It is a standard fuel used for knock rating of diesel engines

B. Its chemical name is normal hexadecane

C. It has long carbon chain structure

D. All of the above

Correct Answer :

D. All of the above


Related Questions

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The thermal efficiency of a diesel cycle having fixed compression ratio, with increase in cut-off ratio will

A. Increase

B. Decrease

C. Be independent

D. May increase or decrease depending on other factors

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4

The specific fuel consumption of a petrol engine compared to diesel engine of same H.P. is

A. Same

B. More

C. Less

D. Less or more depending on operating conditions

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4

Diesel fuel, compared to petrol is

A. Less difficult to ignite

B. Just about the same difficult to ignite

C. More difficult to ignite

D. Highly ignitable

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4

A supercharged engine as compared to an ordinary engine

A. Requires smaller foundation

B. Is lighter

C. Consumes less lubricating oil

D. All of these

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The air standard efficiency of an Otto cycle compared to diesel cycle for the given compression ratio is

A. Same

B. Less

C. More

D. More or less depending on power rating

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4

High speed compression engines operate on

A. Otto cycle

B. Diesel cycle

C. Dual combustion cycle

D. All of these

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4

In order to eliminate knocking in compression ignition engines, there should be

A. Short delay period

B. Late auto-ignition

C. Low compression ratio

D. High self ignition temperature of fuel

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4

The theoretically correct mixture of air and petrol is

A. 10 : 1

B. 15 : 1

C. 20 : 1

D. 25 : 1

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4

The increase of efficiency of a compression ignition engine, as the load decreases, is due to

A. Higher maximum temperature

B. Qualitative governing

C. Quantitative governing

D. Hit and miss governing

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4

The specific fuel consumption per B.P. hour for a diesel engine is about

A. 0.2 kg

B. 0.25 kg

C. 0.3 kg

D. 0.35 kg

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4

The magneto in an automobile is basically

A. Transformer

B. D.C. generator

C. Capacitor

D. Magnetic circuit

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4

Antiknock for compression ignition engines is

A. Napthene

B. Tetra ethyl lead

C. Amyl nitrate

D. Hexadecane

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4

The compression ignition engines are governed by

A. Hit and miss governing

B. Qualitative governing

C. Quantitative governing

D. Combination of (B) and (C)

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4

In an internal combustion engine, the process of removing the burnt gases from the combustion chamber of the engine cylinder is known as

A. Scavenging

B. Detonation

C. Supercharging

D. Polymerisation

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4

The specific fuel consumption per B.P. hour for a petrol engine is about

A. 0.2 kg

B. 0.25 kg

C. 0.3 kg

D. 0.35 kg

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4

Supercharging is the process of supplying the intake air to the engine cylinder at a density _________ the density of the surrounding atmosphere.

A. Equal to

B. Less than

C. Greater than

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following statement is wrong?

A. A four stroke cycle engine develops twice the power as that of a two stroke cycle engine

B. For the same power developed, a four stroke cycle engine is lighter, less bulky and occupies less floor area

C. The petrol engines are costly than diesel engines

D. All of the above

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4

The size of inlet valve of an engine in comparison to exhaust valve is

A. More

B. Less

C. Same

D. More/less depending on capacity of engine

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4

If one cylinder of a diesel engine receives more fuel than the others, then for that cylinder the

A. Exhaust will be smoky

B. Piston rings would stick into piston grooves

C. Engine starts overheating

D. Scavenging occurs

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The pressure inside the cylinder is _________ the atmospheric pressure during the exhaust stroke.

A. Equal to

B. Below

C. Above

D. None of these

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4

A petrol engine has compression ratio from

A. 6 to 10

B. 10 to 15

C. 15 to 25

D. 25 to 40

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4

In a four stroke cycle diesel engine, the exhaust valve

A. Opens at 30° before bottom dead centre and closes at 10° after top dead centre

B. Opens at 30° after bottom dead centre and closes at 10° before top dead centre

C. Opens at bottom dead centre and closes at top dead centre

D. May open and close anywhere

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4

The maximum temperature in the I.C. engine cylinder is of the order of

A. 500-1000°C

B. 1000-1500°C

C. 1500-2000°C

D. 2000-2500°C

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4

In diesel engine the diesel fuel injected into cylinder would burn instantly at about compressed air temperature of

A. 250°C

B. 500°C

C. 1000°C

D. 2000°C

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4

For the same compression ratio

A. Otto cycle is more efficient than the Diesel

B. Diesel cycle is more efficient than Otto

C. Both Otto and Diesel cycles are, equally efficient

D. Compression ratio has nothing to do with efficiency

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4

The cetane (C16H34) which is a straight chain paraffin, is assigned a cetane number of

A. 0

B. 50

C. 100

D. 120

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4

Supercharging is the process of

A. Supplying the intake of an engine with air at a density greater than the density of the surrounding atmosphere

B. Providing forced cooling air

C. Injecting excess fuel for raising more loads

D. Supplying compressed air to remove combustion products fully

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4

The fuels in order of decreasing knock tendency for spark ignition engines are

A. Paraffin, aromatic, napthene

B. Paraffin, napthene, aromatic

C. Napthene, aromatics, paraffin

D. Napthene, paraffin, aromatic

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4

In a coil ignition system of petrol engines, a condenser is connected across the contact breaker in order to

A. Prevent sparking across the gap between the points

B. Cause more rapid break of the primary current, giving a higher voltage in the secondary circuit

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of the above

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4

The effective inhibitor of pre-ignition is

A. Alcohol

B. Water

C. Lead

D. None of these