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4

The value of gas constant 'R' is

A. 1.987 cal/gm mole °K

B. 1.987 BTU/lb. mole °R

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

Correct Answer :

C. Both (A) and (B)


Related Questions

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4

Solubility of a substance which dissolves with an increase in volume and liberation of heat will be favoured by the

A. Low pressure and high temperature

B. Low pressure and low temperature

C. High pressure and low temperature

D. High pressure and high temperature

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4

A solid is transformed into vapour without going to the liquid phase at

A. Triple point

B. Boiling point

C. Below triple point

D. Always

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4

Which one is true for a throttling process?

A. A gas may have more than one inversion temperatures

B. The inversion temperature is different for different gases

C. The inversion temperature is same for all gases

D. The inversion temperature is the temperature at which Joule-Thomson co-efficient is infinity

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4

It is desired to bring about a certain change in the state of a system by performing work on the system under adiabatic conditions.

A. The amount of work needed is path dependent

B. Work alone cannot bring out such a change of state

C. The amount of work needed is independent of path

D. More information is needed to conclude anything about the path dependence or otherwise of the work needed

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4

When liquid and vapour phases of one component system are in equilibrium (at a given temperature and pressure), the molar free energy is

A. More in vapour phase

B. More in liquid phase

C. Same in both the phases

D. Replaced by chemical potential which is more in vapour phase

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4

Sound waves propagation in air exemplifies an __________ process.

A. Adiabatic

B. Isothermal

C. Isometric

D. None of these

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4

Heat requirement for decomposition of a compound into its elements is __________ that is evolved during the formation of that compound from its elements.

A. The same

B. Less than

C. Greater than

D. Different than

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4

Free energy

A. Decreases in all spontaneous (or irreversible) processes

B. Change during a spontaneous process has a negative value

C. Remains unchanged in reversible processes carried at constant temperature and pressure

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

To obtain integrated form of Clausius-Clapeyron equation, ln (P2/P1) = (ΔHV/R) (1/T1 - 1/T2) from the exact Clapeyron equation, it is assumed that the

A. Volume of the liquid phase is negligible compared to that of vapour phase

B. Vapour phase behaves as an ideal gas

C. Heat of vaporisation is independent of temperature

D. All (A), (B) & (C)

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4

Thermal efficiency of a Carnot engine can approach 100%, only when the temperature of the

A. Cold reservoir approaches zero

B. Hot reservoir approaches infinity

C. Either (A) or (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

(∂T/∂P)H is the mathematical expression for

A. Specific heat at constant pressure (Cp)

B. Specific heat at constant volume (Cv)

C. Joule-Thompson co-efficient

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the undesirable property for a good refrigerant.

A. High thermal conductivity

B. Low freezing point

C. Large latent heat of vaporisation

D. High viscosity

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4

__________ increases with increase in pressure.

A. The melting point of wax

B. The boiling point of a liquid

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

Air-refrigeration cycle

A. Is the most efficient of all refrigeration cycles

B. Has very low efficiency

C. Requires relatively large quantities of air to achieve a significant amount of refrigeration

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

Gibbs free energy (G) is represented by, G = H - TS, whereas Helmholtz free energy, (A) is given by, A = E - TS. Which of the following is the Gibbs-Helmholtz equation?

A. [∂(G/T)/∂T] = - (H/T2)

B. [∂(A/T)/∂T]V = - E/T2

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

(∂H/∂T)P is the mathematical expression for

A. CV

B. Entropy change

C. Gibbs free energy

D. None of these

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4

Pick out the wrong statement.

A. Trouton's ratio of non-polar liquids is calculated using Kistyakowsky equation

B. Thermal efficiency of a Carnot engine is always less than 1

C. An equation relating pressure, volume and temperature of a gas is called ideal gas equation

D. None of these

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4

Normal temperature and pressure (N.T.P.) corresponds to

A. 0°C and 760 mm Hg

B. 15°C and 760 mm Hg

C. 20°C and 760 mm Hg

D. 0°C and 1 kgf/cm2

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4

Boiling of liquid is accompanied with increase in the

A. Vapor pressure

B. Specific Gibbs free energy

C. Specific entropy

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

The expression for entropy change, ΔS = n Cp . ln (T2/T1), is valid for the __________ of a substance.

A. Simultaneous pressure & temperature change

B. Heating

C. Cooling

D. Both (B) and (C)

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4

Enthalpy 'H' is defined as

A. H = E - PV

B. H = F - TS

C. H - E = PV

D. None of these

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4

The third law of thermodynamics states that the

A. Heat capacity of a crystalline solid is zero at absolute zero temperature

B. Heat transfer from low temperature to high temperature source is not possible without external work

C. Gases having same reduced properties behaves similarly

D. None of these

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4

Which of the following is not an equation of state?

A. Bertholet equation

B. Clausius-Clapeyron equation

C. Beattie-Bridgeman equation

D. None of these

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4

The intensive properties are

A. Molar volume, density, viscosity and boiling point

B. Refractive index and surface tension

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. None of these

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4

For a real gas, the chemical potential is given by

A. RT d ln P

B. RT d ln f

C. R d ln f

D. None of these

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4

The change in __________ is equal to the reversible work for compression in steady state flow process under isothermal condition.

A. Internal energy

B. Enthalpy

C. Gibbs free energy

D. Helmholtz free energy

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4

When a gas in a vessel expands, its internal energy decreases. The process involved is

A. Reversible

B. Irreversible

C. Isothermal

D. Adiabatic

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4

Which of the following identities can be most easily used to verify steam table data for superheated steam?

A. (∂T/∂V)S = (∂p/∂S)V

B. (∂T/∂P)S = (∂V/∂S)P

C. (∂P/∂T)V = (∂S/∂V)T

D. (∂V/∂T)P = -(∂S/∂P)T

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4

The root mean square speed of molecules of a gas is equal to (where, m = mass of the molecule K = Boltzmanns constant, T = absolute temperature)

A. √(2KT/m)

B. √(3KT/m)

C. √(6KT/m)

D. 3KT/m

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4

Entropy is a/an

A. State function

B. Macroscopic property

C. Extensive property

D. None of these