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4

An ideal liquid refrigerant should

A. Not have a sub-atmospheric vapour pressure at the temperature in the refrigerator coils

B. Not have unduly high vapour pressure at the condenser temperature

C. Both (A) and (B)

D. Have low specific heat

Correct Answer :

C. Both (A) and (B)


Related Questions

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4

__________ functions are exemplified by heat and work.

A. Path

B. Point

C. State

D. None of these

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4

Claude's liquefaction process employs the cooling of gases by

A. Expansion in an engine

B. Following a constant pressure cycle

C. Throttling

D. None of these

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4

Filling of gas from a high pressure cylinder into small bottles is an example of a/an __________ process.

A. Equilibrium

B. Adiabatic

C. Steady

D. Unsteady

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4

Which of the following identities can be most easily used to verify steam table data for superheated steam?

A. (∂T/∂V)S = (∂p/∂S)V

B. (∂T/∂P)S = (∂V/∂S)P

C. (∂P/∂T)V = (∂S/∂V)T

D. (∂V/∂T)P = -(∂S/∂P)T

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4

Which of the following is not an intensive property?

A. Molar heat capacity

B. Internal energy

C. Viscosity

D. None of these

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4

Specific __________ does not change during a phase change (e.g. sublimation, melting, vaporisation etc.).

A. Entropy

B. Internal energy

C. Enthalpy

D. Gibbs free energy

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4

Out of the following refrigeration cycles, which one has maximum COP?

A. Air cycle

B. Carnot cycle

C. Ordinary vapor compression cycle

D. Vapor compression with a reversible expansion engine

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4

In a homogeneous solution, the activity coefficient of a component depends upon the

A. Pressure

B. Composition

C. Temperature

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

Which of the following has the minimum value of COP for a given refrigeration effect?

A. Reverse Carnot cycle

B. Ordinary vapour-compression cycle

C. Vapour-compression process with a reversible expansion engine

D. Air refrigeration cycle

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4

No work is done by the system, when a reaction occurs at constant

A. Volume

B. Temperature

C. Pressure

D. None of these

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4

Fugacity is a measure of the

A. Escaping tendencies of the same substance in different phases of a system

B. Relative volatility of a mixture of two miscible liquids

C. Behaviour of ideal gases

D. None of these

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4

The ammonia synthesis reaction represented by N2 + 3H2 2NH3; ΔH = - 22.4 kcal, is

A. Endothermic

B. Exothermic

C. Isothermal

D. Adiabatic

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4

Compressibility factor for almost all the gases are approximately same at the same

A. Pressure and temperature

B. Reduced pressure and reduced temperature

C. Critical pressure and critical temperature

D. None of these

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4

__________ does not change during phase transformation processes like sublimation, melting & vaporisation.

A. Entropy

B. Gibbs free energy

C. Internal energy

D. All (A), (B) & (C)

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4

Melting of ice is an example of an __________ process.

A. Adiabatic

B. Isothermal

C. Isometric

D. None of these

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4

Chemical potential of ith component of a system is given by

A. μi = (∂F/∂ni)T, P, ni

B. μi = (∂A/∂ni)T, P, ni

C. μi = (∂F/∂ni)T, P

D. μi = (∂A/∂ni)T, P

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4

What is the value of ln y (where y = activity co-efficient) for ideal gases?

A. Zero

B. Unity

C. Infinity

D. Negative

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4

Free energy, fugacity and activity co-efficient are all affected by change in the temperature. The fugacity co-efficient of a gas at constant pressure ____with the increase of reduced temperature.

A. Decreases

B. Increases

C. Remains constant

D. Decreases logarithmically

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4

All gases above its inversion temperature, in a throttling process will show

A. A heating effect

B. No change in temperature

C. A cooling effect

D. Either (A) or (C)

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4

When dilute aqueous solutions of two salts are mixed, the process is associated with

A. Decrease in temperature

B. Increase in temperature

C. No change in temperature

D. Change in temperature which is a function of composition

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4

A large iceberg melts at the base, but not at the top, because of the reason that

A. Ice at the base contains impurities which lowers its melting point

B. Due to the high pressure at the base, its melting point reduces

C. The iceberg remains in a warmer condition at the base

D. All (A), (B) and (C)

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4

First law of thermodynamics is mathematically stated as

A. dQ = dE + dW

B. dQ = dE - dW

C. dE = dQ + dW

D. dW = dQ + dE

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4

When liquid and vapour phases of one component system are in equilibrium (at a given temperature and pressure), the molar free energy is

A. More in vapour phase

B. More in liquid phase

C. Same in both the phases

D. Replaced by chemical potential which is more in vapour phase

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4

A cylinder contains 640 gm of liquid oxygen. The volume occupied (in litres) by the oxygen, when it is released and brought to standard conditions (0°C, 760 mm Hg) will be __________ litres.

A. 448

B. 224

C. 22.4

D. Data insufficient; can't be computed

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4

Which of the following equations is obtained on combining 1st and 2nd law of thermodynamics, for a system of constant mass?

A. dE = Tds - PdV

B. dQ = CvdT + PdV

C. dQ = CpdT + Vdp

D. Tds = dE - PdV

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4

As the entropy of the universe is increasing, day by day, the work producing capacity of a heat engine is

A. Not changed

B. Decreasing

C. Increasing

D. Data sufficient, can't be predicted

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4

In the reaction, H2 +I2 2HI, addition of an inert gas will

A. Increase the partial pressure of H2

B. Increase the partial pressure of I2

C. Increase the total pressure and hence shift the equilibrium towards the right

D. Not affect the equilibrium conditions

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4

Equilibrium constant decreases as the temperature

A. Increases, for an exothermic reaction

B. Decreases, for an exothermic reaction

C. Increases, for an endothermic reaction

D. None of these

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4

Gibbs free energy of mixing at constant pressure and temperature is always

A. 0

B.

C. + ve

D. - ve

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4

Normal temperature and pressure (N.T.P.) corresponds to

A. 0°C and 760 mm Hg

B. 15°C and 760 mm Hg

C. 20°C and 760 mm Hg

D. 0°C and 1 kgf/cm2