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4

Ideal refrigeration cycle is

A. Same as Carnot cycle

B. Same as reverse Carnot cycle

C. Dependent on the refrigerant's properties

D. The least efficient of all refrigeration processes

Correct Answer :

B. Same as reverse Carnot cycle


Related Questions

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4

Gibbs-Helmholtz equation is

A. ΔF = ΔH + T [∂(ΔF)/∂T]P

B. ΔF = ΔH - TΔT

C. d(E - TS) T, V < 0

D. dP/dT = ΔHvap/T.ΔVvap

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4

Specific __________ does not change during phase change at constant temperature and pressure.

A. Entropy

B. Gibbs energy

C. Internal energy

D. Enthalpy

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4

For a multi-component system, the term chemical potential is equivalent to the

A. Molal concentration difference

B. Molar free energy

C. Partial molar free energy

D. Molar free energy change

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4

Throttling process is a/an __________ process.

A. Reversible and isothermal

B. Irreversible and constant enthalpy

C. Reversible and constant entropy

D. Reversible and constant enthalpy

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4

Entropy of a substance remains constant during a/an __________ change.

A. Reversible isothermal

B. Irreversible isothermal

C. Reversible adiabatic

D. None of these

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4

To obtain integrated form of Clausius-Clapeyron equation, ln (P2/P1) = (ΔHV/R) (1/T1 - 1/T2) from the exact Clapeyron equation, it is assumed that the

A. Volume of the liquid phase is negligible compared to that of vapour phase

B. Vapour phase behaves as an ideal gas

C. Heat of vaporisation is independent of temperature

D. All (A), (B) & (C)

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4

A two stage compressor is used to compress an ideal gas. The gas is cooled to the initial temperature after each stage. The intermediate pressure for the minimum total work requirement should be equal to the __________ mean of P1 and P2. (where, P1 and P2 are initial and final pressures respectively)

A. Logarithmic

B. Arithmetic

C. Geometric

D. Harmonic

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4

When liquid and vapour phase of multi-component system are in equilibrium (at a given temperature and pressure), then chemical potential of each component is

A. Same in both the phases

B. Zero in both the phases

C. More in vapour phase

D. More in liquid phase

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4

An irreversible process

A. Is the analog of linear frictionless motion in machines

B. Is an idealised visualisation of behaviour of a system

C. Yields the maximum amount of work

D. Yields an amount of work less than that of a reversible process

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4

Entropy change of the reaction, H2O (liquid) → H2O (gas), is termed as the enthalpy of

A. Solution

B. Vaporisation

C. Formation

D. Sublimation

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4

In case of a reversible process (following pvn = constant), work obtained for trebling the volume (v1 = 1 m3 and v23 m3) is maximum, when the value of 'n' is

A. 0

B. 1

C. y = 1.44

D. 1.66

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4

The expression for entropy change given by, ΔS = - nR ln (P2/P1), holds good for

A. Expansion of a real gas

B. Reversible isothermal volume change

C. Heating of an ideal gas

D. Cooling of a real gas

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4

The ratio of equilibrium constants (Kp2/Kp1) at two different temperatures is given by

A. (R/ΔH) (1/T1 - 1/T2)

B. (ΔH/R) (1/T1 - 1/T2)

C. (ΔH/R) (1/T2 - 1/T1)

D. (1/R) (1/T1 - 1/T2)

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4

Rotary lime kiln is an example of a/an __________ system.

A. Closed

B. Open

C. Isolated

D. Non-thermodynamic

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4

The quantitative effect of temperature on chemical equilibrium is given by the

A. Vant-Hoff equation

B. Le-Chatelier's principle

C. Arrhenius equation

D. None of these

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4

The value of Cp & Cv respectively for monatomic gases in Kcal/kg Mole.°K are

A. 5 & 3

B. 3.987 & 1.987

C. 1.987 & 0.66

D. 0.66 & 1.987

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4

In the equation, PVn = Constant, if the value of n = 0, then it represents a reversible __________ process.

A. Isobaric

B. Isothermal

C. Isentropic

D. Isometric

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4

Entropy change for an irreversible process taking system and surrounding together is

A. 0

B. > 0

C. < 0

D. None of these

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4

The ammonia synthesis reaction represented by N2 + 3H2 2NH3; ΔH = - 22.4 kcal, is

A. Endothermic

B. Exothermic

C. Isothermal

D. Adiabatic

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4

For an exothermic reaction

A. Only enthalpy change (ΔH) is negative

B. Only internal energy change (ΔE) is negative

C. Both ΔH and ΔE are negative

D. Enthalpy change is zero

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4

The free energy change for a chemical reaction is given by (where, K = equilibrium constant)

A. RT ln K

B. -RT ln K

C. -R ln K

D. T ln K

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4

The internal energy of an ideal gas is a function of its __________ only.

A. Molecular size

B. Volume

C. Pressure

D. Temperature

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4

Entropy is a/an

A. State function

B. Macroscopic property

C. Extensive property

D. None of these

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4

The number of degrees of freedom at the triple point of water is

A. 0

B. 1

C. 2

D. 3

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4

Critical compressibility factor for all substances

A. Are more or less constant (vary from 0.2 to 0.3)

B. Vary as square of the absolute temperature

C. Vary as square of the absolute pressure

D. None of these

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4

The fugacity of a gas in a mixture is equal to the product of its mole fraction and its fugacity in the pure state at the total pressure of the mixture. This is

A. The statement as per Gibbs-Helmholtz

B. Called Lewis-Randall rule

C. Henry's law

D. None of these

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4

The third law of thermodynamics states that the

A. Heat capacity of a crystalline solid is zero at absolute zero temperature

B. Heat transfer from low temperature to high temperature source is not possible without external work

C. Gases having same reduced properties behaves similarly

D. None of these

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4

High pressure steam is expanded adiabatically and reversibly through a well insulated turbine, which produces some shaft work. If the enthalpy change and entropy change across the turbine are represented by ΔH and ΔS respectively for this process:

A. Δ H = 0 and ΔS = 0

B. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS = 0

C. Δ H ≠ 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

D. Δ H = 0 and ΔS ≠ 0

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4

If two pure liquid constituents are mixed in any proportion to give an ideal solution, there is no change in

A. Volume

B. Enthalpy

C. Both (A) & (B)

D. Neither (A) nor (B)

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4

At triple point (for one component system), vapour pressure of solid as compared to that of liquid will be

A. More

B. Less

C. Same

D. More or less; depending on the system